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Folk And Tribal Paintings

The term Folk and Tribal art refers to the art associated with an ethnic society, created at the hands of laboring craftsman usually as a means to earn livelihood. Unlike fine art, in folk and tribal painting unsophisticated techniques are applied. This art is done by craftsmen on various media such as clay, terracotta, and textile. The rustic charm, rawness and simplicity which artists associate with folk and tribal paintings, draws them emulate these styles on canvas. Folk paintings and tribal paintings have evolved or carried forward in various civilizations of the world, but some such as African folk art, Chinese folk art and Indian folk art have made a mark in the history of art. India, a country known for its rich cultural diversity, particularly has an array of folk art. In fact, most of states of India can be associated with a particular form of folk art. Here are a few popular and much-loved folk arts of India.
Folk And Tribal Paintings in India

1. Madhubani Painting
Madhubani paintings, once popular as wall art, in the interior of the homes of the Mithila region of Bihar, are a delightful assortment of geometric patterns, in vivid colours, sometimes portraying scenes from a special event and sometimes, scenes and characters from mythology.

2. Rajput Painting
Rajput painting originated in the royal states of Rajasthan, around the late 16th and early 17th century. The Mughals ruled many regions of Rajasthan at that time due to which Rajput paintings in India reflect a strong Mughal influence.

3. Warli Painting
Easily distinguishable, due to its triangular figures with stick-like patterns for limbs, all done in white often against a reddish background, Warli art inspires many artists. A folk art of Maharashtra, Warli painting dates back to around 2500 years ago. Traditionally, rice paste guided by twigs, was used to draw on mud walls of tribal houses. They were usually portrayals of some celebration. Due to their distinctive style, Warli paintings still hold a special place in the hearts of art lovers.

4. Mughal Painting
Mughal paintings have an influence of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles of art. Flora is an important aspect of Mughal paintings. As the name suggests, these paintings evolved when the Mughals ruled over India, between 16th century and 19th century.

5. Tanjore Painting
One of the most popular forms of traditional South Indian folk paintings, Tanjore painting, evolved in the city of Thanjavur (Tanjore) in Tamil Nadu. Recognized by compacted designs, usage of gold foil and vibrant colors, Tanjore paintings usually reflect Hindu deities and mythological characters.

6. Kalighat Painting
This painting style was traditional to the family of Patuas, from Calcutta, which is why this style is also known as Patua painting. Conventionally, Kalighat paintings involved portrayals of mythological themes, but evolved to depict contemporary characters as well. The paintings are colourful and the forms are pronounced yet usage of bold colours is limited.

Folk & Tribal Paintings as Wall Art

A folk painting or tribal painting of sizable dimensions, neatly framed, is often chosen as wall art if the buyer intends to impart a regal, traditional and sometimes rustic look to the home décor. A folk painting is a perfect fit in the living room of an Indian home. It adds a strong ethnic element which blends well in a traditional home. This ethnic element can also be brought into a contemporary set-up as a statement piece sure to grab much attention. artOreal houses a range of folk and tribal artworks which are not only a delight to browse through, but can also be a perfect addition to your home or office décor.